The Urantia Book
THE VIOLET RACE AFTER THE DAYS OF
Presented by an Archangel of Nebadon.
78:0.1 THE second Eden was the cradle of
civilization for almost thirty thousand years. Here in
Mesopotamia the Adamic peoples held forth, sending out their
progeny to the ends of the earth, and latterly, as amalgamated
with the Nodite and Sangik tribes, were known as the Andites.
From this region went those men and women who initiated the
doings of historic times, and who have so enormously accelerated
cultural progress on Urantia.
78:0.2 This paper depicts the planetary
history of the violet race, beginning soon after the default of
Adam, about 35,000 B.C., and extending down through its
amalgamation with the Nodite and Sangik races, about 15,000
B.C., to form the Andite peoples and on to its final
disappearance from the Mesopotamian homelands, about 2000 B.C.
1. RACIAL AND CULTURAL DISTRIBUTION
78:1.1 Although the minds and morals of the
races were at a low level at the time of Adam's arrival,
physical evolution had gone on quite unaffected by the
exigencies of the Caligastia rebellion. Adam's contribution to
the biologic status of the races, notwithstanding the partial
failure of the undertaking, enormously upstepped the people of
78:1.2 Adam and Eve also contributed much that
was of value to the social, moral, and intellectual progress of
mankind; civilization was immensely quickened by the presence of
their offspring. But thirty-five thousand years ago the world at
large possessed little culture. Certain centers of civilization
existed here and there, but most of Urantia languished in
savagery. Racial and cultural distribution was as follows:
78:1.3 1. The violet race -- Adamites and
Adamsonites. The chief center of Adamite culture was in the
second garden, located in the triangle of the Tigris and
Euphrates rivers; this was indeed the cradle of Occidental and
Indian civilizations. The secondary or northern center of the
violet race was the Adamsonite headquarters, situated east of
the southern shore of the Caspian Sea near the Kopet mountains.
From these two centers there went forth to the surrounding lands
the culture and life plasm which so immediately quickened all
78:1.4 2. Pre-Sumerians and other Nodites.
There were also present in Mesopotamia, near the mouth of the
rivers, remnants of the ancient culture of the days of
Dalamatia. With the passing millenniums, this group became
thoroughly admixed with the Adamites to the north, but they
never entirely lost their Nodite traditions. Various other
Nodite groups that had settled in the Levant were, in general,
absorbed by the later expanding violet race.
78:1.5 3. The Andonites maintained five
or six fairly representative settlements to the north and east
of the Adamson headquarters. They were also scattered throughout
Turkestan, while isolated islands of them persisted throughout
Eurasia, especially in mountainous regions. These aborigines
still held the northlands of the Eurasian continent, together
with Iceland and Greenland, but they had long since been driven
from the plains of Europe by the blue man and from the river
valleys of farther Asia by the expanding yellow race.
78:1.6 4. The red man occupied the
Americas, having been driven out of Asia over fifty thousand
years before the arrival of Adam.
78:1.7 5. The yellow race. The Chinese
peoples were well established in control of eastern Asia. Their
most advanced settlements were situated to the northwest of
modern China in regions bordering on Tibet.
78:1.8 6. The blue race. The blue men
were scattered all over Europe, but their better centers of
culture were situated in the then fertile valleys of the
Mediterranean basin and in northwestern Europe. Neanderthal
absorption had greatly retarded the culture of the blue man, but
he was otherwise the most aggressive, adventurous, and
exploratory of all the evolutionary peoples of Eurasia.
78:1.9 7. Pre-Dravidian India. The
complex mixture of races in India -- embracing every race on
earth, but especially the green, orange, and black -- maintained
a culture slightly above that of the outlying regions.
78:1.10 8. The Sahara civilization. The
superior elements of the indigo race had their most progressive
settlements in what is now the great Sahara desert. This
indigo-black group carried extensive strains of the submerged
orange and green races.
78:1.11 9. The Mediterranean basin. The
most highly blended race outside of India occupied what is now
the Mediterranean basin. Here blue men from the north and
Saharans from the south met and mingled with Nodites and
Adamites from the east.
78:1.12 This was the picture of the world
prior to the beginnings of the great expansions of the violet
race, about twenty-five thousand years ago. The hope of future
civilization lay in the second garden between the rivers of
Mesopotamia. Here in southwestern Asia there existed the
potential of a great civilization, the possibility of the spread
to the world of the ideas and ideals which had been salvaged
from the days of Dalamatia and the times of Eden.
78:1.13 Adam and Eve had left behind a limited
but potent progeny, and the celestial observers on Urantia
waited anxiously to find out how these descendants of the erring
Material Son and Daughter would acquit themselves.
2. THE ADAMITES IN THE SECOND GARDEN
78:2.1 For thousands of years the sons of Adam
labored along the rivers of Mesopotamia, working out their
irrigation and flood-control problems to the south, perfecting
their defenses to the north, and attempting to preserve their
traditions of the glory of the first Eden.
78:2.2 The heroism displayed in the leadership
of the second garden constitutes one of the amazing and
inspiring epics of Urantia's history. These splendid souls never
wholly lost sight of the purpose of the Adamic mission, and
therefore did they valiantly fight off the influences of the
surrounding and inferior tribes while they willingly sent forth
their choicest sons and daughters in a steady stream as
emissaries to the races of earth. Sometimes this expansion was
depleting to the home culture, but always these superior peoples
would rehabilitate themselves.
78:2.3 The civilization, society, and cultural
status of the Adamites were far above the general level of the
evolutionary races of Urantia. Only among the old settlements of
Van and Amadon and the Adamsonites was there a civilization in
anyway comparable. But the civilization of the second Eden was
an artificial structure -- it had not been evolved -- and
was therefore doomed to deteriorate until it reached a natural
78:2.4 Adam left a great intellectual and
spiritual culture behind him, but it was not advanced in
mechanical appliances since every civilization is limited by
available natural resources, inherent genius, and sufficient
leisure to insure inventive fruition. The civilization of the
violet race was predicated on the presence of Adam and on the
traditions of the first Eden. After Adam's death and as these
traditions grew dim through the passing millenniums, the
cultural level of the Adamites steadily deteriorated until it
reached a state of reciprocal balance with the status of the
surrounding peoples and the naturally evolving cultural
capacities of the violet race.
78:2.5 But the Adamites were a real nation
around 19,000 B.C., numbering four and a half million, and
already they had poured forth millions of their progeny into the
3. EARLY EXPANSIONS OF THE ADAMITES
78:3.1 The violet race retained the Edenic
traditions of peacefulness for many millenniums, which explains
their long delay in making territorial conquests. When they
suffered from population pressure, instead of making war to
secure more territory, they sent forth their excess inhabitants
as teachers to the other races. The cultural effect of these
earlier migrations was not enduring, but the absorption of the
Adamite teachers, traders, and explorers was biologically
invigorating to the surrounding peoples.
78:3.2 Some of the Adamites early journeyed
westward to the valley of the Nile; others penetrated eastward
into Asia, but these were a minority. The mass movement of the
later days was extensively northward and thence westward. It
was, in the main, a gradual but unremitting northward push, the
greater number making their way north and then circling westward
around the Caspian Sea into Europe.
78:3.3 About twenty-five thousand years ago
many of the purer elements of the Adamites were well on their
northern trek. And as they penetrated northward, they became
less and less Adamic until, by the times of their occupation of
Turkestan, they had become thoroughly admixed with the other
races, particularly the Nodites. Very few of the pure-line
violet peoples ever penetrated far into Europe or Asia.
78:3.4 From about 30,000 to 10,000 B.C.
epoch-making racial mixtures were taking place throughout
southwestern Asia. The highland inhabitants of Turkestan were a
virile and vigorous people. To the northwest of India much of
the culture of the days of Van persisted. Still to the north of
these settlements the best of the early Andonites had been
preserved. And both of these superior races of culture and
character were absorbed by the northward-moving Adamites. This
amalgamation led to the adoption of many new ideas; it
facilitated the progress of civilization and greatly advanced
all phases of art, science, and social culture.
78:3.5 As the period of the early Adamic
migrations ended, about 15,000 B.C., there were already more
descendants of Adam in Europe and central Asia than anywhere
else in the world, even than in Mesopotamia. The European blue
races had been largely infiltrated. The lands now called Russia
and Turkestan were occupied throughout their southern stretches
by a great reservoir of the Adamites mixed with Nodites,
Andonites, and red and yellow Sangiks. Southern Europe and the
Mediterranean fringe were occupied by a mixed race of Andonite
and Sangik peoples -- orange, green, and indigo -- with a
sprinkling of the Adamite stock. Asia Minor and the
central-eastern European lands were held by tribes that were
78:3.6 A blended colored race, about this time
greatly reinforced by arrivals from Mesopotamia, held forth in
Egypt and prepared to take over the disappearing culture of the
Euphrates valley. The black peoples were moving farther south in
Africa and, like the red race, were virtually isolated.
78:3.7 The Saharan civilization had been
disrupted by drought and that of the Mediterranean basin by
flood. The blue races had, as yet, failed to develop an advanced
culture. The Andonites were still scattered over the Arctic and
central Asian regions. The green and orange races had been
exterminated as such. The indigo race was moving south in
Africa, there to begin its slow but long-continued racial
78:3.8 The peoples of India lay stagnant, with
a civilization that was unprogressing; the yellow man was
consolidating his holdings in central Asia; the brown man had
not yet begun his civilization on the near-by islands of the
78:3.9 These racial distributions, associated
with extensive climatic changes, set the world stage for the
inauguration of the Andite era of Urantia civilization. These
early migrations extended over a period of ten thousand years,
from 25,000 to 15,000 B.C. The later or Andite migrations
extended from about 15,000 to 6000 B.C.
78:3.10 It took so long for the earlier waves
of Adamites to pass over Eurasia that their culture was largely
lost in transit. Only the later Andites moved with sufficient
speed to retain the Edenic culture at any great distance from
4. THE ANDITES
78:4.1 The Andite races were the primary
blends of the pure-line violet race and the Nodites plus the
evolutionary peoples. In general, Andites should be thought of
as having a far greater percentage of Adamic blood than the
modern races. In the main, the term Andite is used to designate
those peoples whose racial inheritance was from one-eighth to
one-sixth violet. Modern Urantians, even the northern white
races, contain much less than this percentage of the blood of
78:4.2 The earliest Andite peoples took origin
in the regions adjacent to Mesopotamia more than twenty-five
thousand years ago and consisted of a blend of the Adamites and
Nodites. The second garden was surrounded by concentric circles
of diminishing violet blood, and it was on the periphery of this
racial melting pot that the Andite race was born. Later on, when
the migrating Adamites and Nodites entered the then fertile
regions of Turkestan, they soon blended with the superior
inhabitants, and the resultant race mixture extended the Andite
78:4.3 The Andites were the best all-round
human stock to appear on Urantia since the days of the pure-line
violet peoples. They embraced most of the highest types of the
surviving remnants of the Adamite and Nodite races and, later,
some of the best strains of the yellow, blue, and green men.
78:4.4 These early Andites were not Aryan;
they were pre-Aryan. They were not white; they were pre-white.
They were neither an Occidental nor an Oriental people. But it
is Andite inheritance that gives to the polyglot mixture of the
so-called white races that generalized homogeneity which has
been called Caucasoid.
78:4.5 The purer strains of the violet race
had retained the Adamic tradition of peace-seeking, which
explains why the earlier race movements had been more in the
nature of peaceful migrations. But as the Adamites united with
the Nodite stocks, who were by this time a belligerent race,
their Andite descendants became, for their day and age, the most
skillful and sagacious militarists ever to live on Urantia.
Thenceforth the movements of the Mesopotamians grew increasingly
military in character and became more akin to actual conquests.
78:4.6 These Andites were adventurous; they
had roving dispositions. An increase of either Sangik or
Andonite stock tended to stabilize them. But even so, their
later descendants never stopped until they had circumnavigated
the globe and discovered the last remote continent.
5. THE ANDITE MIGRATIONS
78:5.1 For twenty thousand years the culture
of the second garden persisted, but it experienced a steady
decline until about 15,000 B.C., when the regeneration of the
Sethite priesthood and the leadership of Amosad inaugurated a
brilliant era. The massive waves of civilization which later
spread over Eurasia immediately followed the great renaissance
of the Garden consequent upon the extensive union of the
Adamites with the surrounding mixed Nodites to form the Andites.
78:5.2 These Andites inaugurated new advances
throughout Eurasia and North Africa. From Mesopotamia through
Sinkiang the Andite culture was dominant, and the steady
migration toward Europe was continuously offset by new arrivals
from Mesopotamia. But it is hardly correct to speak of the
Andites as a race in Mesopotamia proper until near the beginning
of the terminal migrations of the mixed descendants of Adam. By
this time even the races in the second garden had become so
blended that they could no longer be considered Adamites.
78:5.3 The civilization of Turkestan was
constantly being revived and refreshed by the newcomers from
Mesopotamia, especially by the later Andite cavalrymen. The
so-called Aryan mother tongue was in process of formation in the
highlands of Turkestan; it was a blend of the Andonic dialect of
that region with the language of the Adamsonites and later
Andites. Many modern languages are derived from this early
speech of these central Asian tribes who conquered Europe,
India, and the upper stretches of the Mesopotamian plains. This
ancient language gave the Occidental tongues all of that
similarity which is called Aryan.
78:5.4 By 12,000 B.C. three quarters of the
Andite stock of the world was resident in northern and eastern
Europe, and when the later and final exodus from Mesopotamia
took place, sixty-five per cent of these last waves of
emigration entered Europe.
78:5.5 The Andites not only migrated to Europe
but to northern China and India, while many groups penetrated to
the ends of the earth as missionaries, teachers, and traders.
They contributed considerably to the northern groups of the
Saharan Sangik peoples. But only a few teachers and traders ever
penetrated farther south in Africa than the headwaters of the
Nile. Later on, mixed Andites and Egyptians followed down both
the east and west coasts of Africa well below the equator, but
they did not reach Madagascar.
These Andites were the so-called Dravidian and later Aryan
conquerors of India; and their presence in central Asia greatly
upstepped the ancestors of the Turanians. Many of this race
journeyed to China by way of both Sinkiang and Tibet and added
desirable qualities to the later Chinese stocks. From time to
time small groups made their way into Japan, Formosa, the East
Indies, and southern China, though very few entered southern
China by the coastal route.
78:5.7 One hundred and thirty-two of this
race, embarking in a fleet of small boats from Japan, eventually
reached South America and by intermarriage with the natives of
the Andes established the ancestry of the later rulers of the
Incas. They crossed the Pacific by easy stages, tarrying on the
many islands they found along the way. The islands of the
Polynesian group were both more numerous and larger then than
now, and these Andite sailors, together with some who followed
them, biologically modified the native groups in transit. Many
flourishing centers of civilization grew up on these now
submerged lands as a result of Andite penetration. Easter Island
was long a religious and administrative center of one of these
lost groups. But of the Andites who navigated the Pacific of
long ago none but the one hundred and thirty-two ever reached
the mainland of the Americas.
78:5.8 The migratory conquests of the Andites
continued on down to their final dispersions, from 8000 to 6000
B.C. As they poured out of Mesopotamia, they continuously
depleted the biologic reserves of their homelands while markedly
strengthening the surrounding peoples. And to every nation to
which they journeyed, they contributed humor, art, adventure,
music, and manufacture. They were skillful domesticators of
animals and expert agriculturists. For the time being, at least,
their presence usually improved the religious beliefs and moral
practices of the older races. And so the culture of Mesopotamia
quietly spread out over Europe, India, China, northern Africa,
and the Pacific Islands.
6. THE LAST ANDITE DISPERSIONS
78:6.1 The last three waves of Andites poured
out of Mesopotamia between 8000 and 6000 B.C. These three great
waves of culture were forced out of Mesopotamia by the pressure
of the hill tribes to the east and the harassment of the
plainsmen of the west. The inhabitants of the Euphrates valley
and adjacent territory went forth in their final exodus in
78:6.2 Sixty-five per cent entered Europe by
the Caspian Sea route to conquer and amalgamate with the newly
appearing white races -- the blend of the blue men and the
78:6.3 Ten per cent, including a large group
of the Sethite priests, moved eastward through the Elamite
highlands to the Iranian plateau and Turkestan. Many of their
descendants were later driven into India with their Aryan
brethren from the regions to the north.
78:6.4 Ten per cent of the Mesopotamians
turned eastward in their northern trek, entering Sinkiang, where
they blended with the Andite-yellow inhabitants. The majority of
the able offspring of this racial union later entered China and
contributed much to the immediate improvement of the northern
division of the yellow race.
78:6.5 Ten per cent of these fleeing Andites
made their way across Arabia and entered Egypt.
78:6.6 Five per cent of the Andites, the very
superior culture of the coastal district about the mouths of the
Tigris and Euphrates who had kept themselves free from
intermarriage with the inferior neighboring tribesmen, refused
to leave their homes. This group represented the survival of
many superior Nodite and Adamite strains.
78:6.7 The Andites had almost entirely
evacuated this region by 6000 B.C., though their descendants,
largely mixed with the surrounding Sangik races and the
Andonites of Asia Minor, were there to give battle to the
northern and eastern invaders at a much later date.
78:6.8 The cultural age of the second garden
was terminated by the increasing infiltration of the surrounding
inferior stocks. Civilization moved westward to the Nile and the
Mediterranean islands, where it continued to thrive and advance
long after its fountainhead in Mesopotamia had deteriorated. And
this unchecked influx of inferior peoples prepared the way for
the later conquest of all Mesopotamia by the northern barbarians
who drove out the residual strains of ability. Even in later
years the cultured residue still resented the presence of these
ignorant and uncouth invaders.
7. THE FLOODS IN MESOPOTAMIA
78:7.1 The river dwellers were accustomed to
rivers overflowing their banks at certain seasons; these
periodic floods were annual events in their lives. But new
perils threatened the valley of Mesopotamia as a result of
progressive geologic changes to the north.
78:7.2 For thousands of years after the
submergence of the first Eden the mountains about the eastern
coast of the Mediterranean and those to the northwest and
northeast of Mesopotamia continued to rise. This elevation of
the highlands was greatly accelerated about 5000 B.C., and this,
together with greatly increased snowfall on the northern
mountains, caused unprecedented floods each spring throughout
the Euphrates valley. These spring floods grew increasingly
worse so that eventually the inhabitants of the river regions
were driven to the eastern highlands. For almost a thousand
years scores of cities were practically deserted because of
these extensive deluges.
78:7.3 Almost five thousand years later, as
the Hebrew priests in Babylonian captivity sought to trace the
Jewish people back to Adam, they found great difficulty in
piecing the story together; and it occurred to one of them to
abandon the effort, to let the whole world drown in its
wickedness at the time of Noah's flood, and thus to be in a
better position to trace Abraham right back to one of the three
surviving sons of Noah.
78:7.4 The traditions of a time when water
covered the whole of the earth's surface are universal. Many
races harbor the story of a world-wide flood some time during
past ages. The Biblical story of Noah, the ark, and the flood is
an invention of the Hebrew priesthood during the Babylonian
captivity. There has never been a universal flood since life was
established on Urantia. The only time the surface of the earth
was completely covered by water was during those Archeozoic ages
before the land had begun to appear.
78:7.5 But Noah really lived; he was a wine
maker of Aram, a river settlement near Erech. He kept a written
record of the days of the river's rise from year to year. He
brought much ridicule upon himself by going up and down the
river valley advocating that all houses be built of wood, boat
fashion, and that the family animals be put on board each night
as the flood season approached. He would go to the neighboring
river settlements every year and warn them that in so many days
the floods would come. Finally a year came in which the annual
floods were greatly augmented by unusually heavy rainfall so
that the sudden rise of the waters wiped out the entire village;
only Noah and his immediate family were saved in their
78:7.6 These floods completed the disruption
of Andite civilization. With the ending of this period of
deluge, the second garden was no more. Only in the south and
among the Sumerians did any trace of the former glory remain.
78:7.7 The remnants of this, one of the oldest
civilizations, are to be found in these regions of Mesopotamia
and to the northeast and northwest. But still older vestiges of
the days of Dalamatia exist under the waters of the Persian
Gulf, and the first Eden lies submerged under the eastern end of
the Mediterranean Sea.
8. THE SUMERIANS -- LAST OF THE ANDITES
78:8.1 When the last Andite dispersion broke
the biologic backbone of Mesopotamian civilization, a small
minority of this superior race remained in their homeland near
the mouths of the rivers. These were the Sumerians, and by 6000
B.C. they had become largely Andite in extraction, though their
culture was more exclusively Nodite in character, and they clung
to the ancient traditions of Dalamatia. Nonetheless, these
Sumerians of the coastal regions were the last of the Andites in
Mesopotamia. But the races of Mesopotamia were already
thoroughly blended by this late date, as is evidenced by the
skull types found in the graves of this era.
78:8.2 It was during the floodtimes that Susa
so greatly prospered. The first and lower city was inundated so
that the second or higher town succeeded the lower as the
headquarters for the peculiar artcrafts of that day. With the
later diminution of these floods, Ur became the center of the
pottery industry. About seven thousand years ago Ur was on the
Persian Gulf, the river deposits having since built up the land
to its present limits. These settlements suffered less from the
floods because of better controlling works and the widening
mouths of the rivers.
78:8.3 The peaceful grain growers of the
Euphrates and Tigris valleys had long been harassed by the raids
of the barbarians of Turkestan and the Iranian plateau. But now
a concerted invasion of the Euphrates valley was brought about
by the increasing drought of the highland pastures. And this
invasion was all the more serious because these surrounding
herdsmen and hunters possessed large numbers of tamed horses. It
was the possession of horses which gave them a tremendous
military advantage over their rich neighbors to the south. In a
short time they overran all Mesopotamia, driving forth the last
waves of culture which spread out over all of Europe, western
Asia, and northern Africa.
78:8.4 These conquerors of Mesopotamia carried
in their ranks many of the better Andite strains of the mixed
northern races of Turkestan, including some of the Adamson
stock. These less advanced but more vigorous tribes from the
north quickly and willingly assimilated the residue of the
civilization of Mesopotamia and presently developed into those
mixed peoples found in the Euphrates valley at the beginning of
historic annals. They quickly revived many phases of the passing
civilization of Mesopotamia, adopting the arts of the valley
tribes and much of the culture of the Sumerians. They even
sought to build a third tower of Babel and later adopted the
term as their national name.
78:8.5 When these barbarian cavalrymen from
the northeast overran the whole Euphrates valley, they did not
conquer the remnants of the Andites who dwelt about the mouth of
the river on the Persian Gulf. These Sumerians were able to
defend themselves because of superior intelligence, better
weapons, and their extensive system of military canals, which
were an adjunct to their irrigation scheme of interconnecting
pools. They were a united people because they had a uniform
group religion. They were thus able to maintain their racial and
national integrity long after their neighbors to the northwest
were broken up into isolated city-states. No one of these city
groups was able to overcome the united Sumerians.
78:8.6 And the invaders from the north soon
learned to trust and prize these peace-loving Sumerians as able
teachers and administrators. They were greatly respected and
sought after as teachers of art and industry, as directors of
commerce, and as civil rulers by all peoples to the north and
from Egypt in the west to India in the east.
78:8.7 After the breakup of the early Sumerian
confederation the later city-states were ruled by the apostate
descendants of the Sethite priests. Only when these priests made
conquests of the neighboring cities did they call themselves
kings. The later city kings failed to form powerful
confederations before the days of Sargon because of deity
jealousy. Each city believed its municipal god to be superior to
all other gods, and therefore they refused to subordinate
themselves to a common leader.
78:8.8 The end of this long period of the weak
rule of the city priests was terminated by Sargon, the priest of
Kish, who proclaimed himself king and started out on the
conquest of the whole of Mesopotamia and adjoining lands. And
for the time, this ended the city-states, priest-ruled and
priest-ridden, each city having its own municipal god and its
own ceremonial practices.
78:8.9 After the breakup of this Kish
confederation there ensued a long period of constant warfare
between these valley cities for supremacy. And the rulership
variously shifted between Sumer, Akkad, Kish, Erech, Ur, and
78:8.10 About 2500 B.C. the Sumerians suffered
severe reverses at the hands of the northern Suites and Guites.
Lagash, the Sumerian capital built on flood mounds, fell. Erech
held out for thirty years after the fall of Akkad. By the time
of the establishment of the rule of Hammurabi the Sumerians had
become absorbed into the ranks of the northern Semites, and the
Mesopotamian Andites passed from the pages of history.
78:8.11 From 2500 to 2000 B.C. the nomads were
on a rampage from the Atlantic to the Pacific. The Nerites
constituted the final eruption of the Caspian group of the
Mesopotamian descendants of the blended Andonite and Andite
races. What the barbarians failed to do to effect the ruination
of Mesopotamia, subsequent climatic changes succeeded in
78:8.12 And this is the story of the violet
race after the days of Adam and of the fate of their homeland
between the Tigris and Euphrates. Their ancient civilization
finally fell due to the emigration of superior peoples and the
immigration of their inferior neighbors. But long before the
barbarian cavalrymen conquered the valley, much of the Garden
culture had spread to Asia, Africa, and Europe, there to produce
the ferments which have resulted in the twentieth-century
civilization of Urantia.
Presented by an Archangel of Nebadon.