The Urantia Book
THE EVOLUTIONARY RACES OF COLOR
Presented by a Life Carrier resident on Urantia.
64:0.1 THIS is the story of the evolutionary
races of Urantia from the days of Andon and Fonta, almost one
million years ago, down through the times of the Planetary
Prince to the end of the ice age.
64:0.2 The human race is almost one million
years old, and the first half of its story roughly corresponds
to the pre-Planetary Prince days of Urantia. The latter half of
the history of mankind begins at the time of the arrival of the
Planetary Prince and the appearance of the six colored races and
roughly corresponds to the period commonly regarded as the Old
1. THE ANDONIC ABORIGINES
64:1.1 Primitive man made his evolutionary
appearance on earth a little less than one million years ago,
and he had a vigorous experience. He instinctively sought to
escape the danger of mingling with the inferior simian tribes.
But he could not migrate eastward because of the arid Tibetan
land elevations, 30,000 feet above sea level; neither could he
go south nor west because of the expanded Mediterranean Sea,
which then extended eastward to the Indian Ocean; and as he went
north, he encountered the advancing ice. But even when further
migration was blocked by the ice, and though the dispersing
tribes became increasingly hostile, the more intelligent groups
never entertained the idea of going southward to live among
their hairy tree-dwelling cousins of inferior intellect.
64:1.2 Many of man's earliest religious
emotions grew out of his feeling of helplessness in the shut-in
environment of this geographic situation -- mountains to the
right, water to the left, and ice in front. But these
progressive Andonites would not turn back to their inferior
tree-dwelling relatives in the south.
These Andonites avoided the forests in contrast with the habits
of their nonhuman relatives. In the forests man has always
deteriorated; human evolution has made progress only in the open
and in the higher latitudes. The cold and hunger of the open
lands stimulate action, invention, and resourcefulness. While
these Andonic tribes were developing the pioneers of the present
human race amidst the hardships and privations of these rugged
northern climes, their backward cousins were luxuriating in the
southern tropical forests of the land of their early common
64:1.4 These events occurred during the times
of the third glacier, the first according to the reckoning of
geologists. The first two glaciers were not extensive in
64:1.5 During most of the ice age England was
connected by land with France, while later on Africa was joined
to Europe by the Sicilian land bridge. At the time of the
Andonic migrations there was a continuous land path from England
in the west on through Europe and Asia to Java in the east; but
Australia was again isolated, which further accentuated the
development of its own peculiar fauna.
64:1.6 950,000 years ago the
descendants of Andon and Fonta had migrated far to the east and
to the west. To the west they passed over Europe to France and
England. In later times they penetrated eastward as far as Java,
where their bones were so recently found -- the so-called Java
man -- and then journeyed on to Tasmania.
64:1.7 The groups going west became less
contaminated with the backward stocks of mutual ancestral origin
than those going east, who mingled so freely with their retarded
animal cousins. These unprogressive individuals drifted
southward and presently mated with the inferior tribes. Later
on, increasing numbers of their mongrel descendants returned to
the north to mate with the rapidly expanding Andonic peoples,
and such unfortunate unions unfailingly deteriorated the
superior stock. Fewer and fewer of the primitive settlements
maintained the worship of the Breath Giver. This early dawn
civilization was threatened with extinction.
64:1.8 And thus it has ever been on Urantia.
Civilizations of great promise have successively deteriorated
and have finally been extinguished by the folly of allowing the
superior freely to procreate with the inferior.
2. THE FOXHALL PEOPLES
64:2.1 900,000 years ago the arts of
Andon and Fonta and the culture of Onagar were vanishing from
the face of the earth; culture, religion, and even flintworking
were at their lowest ebb.
64:2.2 These were the times when large numbers
of inferior mongrel groups were arriving in England from
southern France. These tribes were so largely mixed with the
forest apelike creatures that they were scarcely human. They had
no religion but were crude flintworkers and possessed sufficient
intelligence to kindle fire.
64:2.3 They were followed in Europe by a
somewhat superior and prolific people, whose descendants soon
spread over the entire continent from the ice in the north to
the Alps and Mediterranean in the south. These tribes are the
so-called Heidelberg race.
64:2.4 During this long period of cultural
decadence the Foxhall peoples of England and the Badonan tribes
northwest of India continued to hold on to some of the
traditions of Andon and certain remnants of the culture of
64:2.5 The Foxhall peoples were farthest west
and succeeded in retaining much of the Andonic culture; they
also preserved their knowledge of flintworking, which they
transmitted to their descendants, the ancient ancestors of the
64:2.6 Though the remains of the Foxhall
peoples were the last to be discovered in England, these
Andonites were really the first human beings to live in those
regions. At that time the land bridge still connected France
with England; and since most of the early settlements of the
Andon descendants were located along the rivers and seashores of
that early day, they are now under the waters of the English
Channel and the North Sea, but some three or four are still
above water on the English coast.
64:2.7 Many of the more intelligent and
spiritual of the Foxhall peoples maintained their racial
superiority and perpetuated their primitive religious customs.
And these people, as they were later admixed with subsequent
stocks, journeyed on west from England after a later ice
visitation and have survived as the present-day Eskimos.
3. THE BADONAN TRIBES
64:3.1 Besides the Foxhall peoples in the
west, another struggling center of culture persisted in the
east. This group was located in the foothills of the
northwestern Indian highlands among the tribes of Badonan, a
great-great-grandson of Andon. These people were the only
descendants of Andon who never practiced human sacrifice.
64:3.2 These highland Badonites occupied an
extensive plateau surrounded by forests, traversed by streams,
and abounding in game. Like some of their cousins in Tibet, they
lived in crude stone huts, hillside grottoes, and
64:3.3 While the tribes of the north grew more
and more to fear the ice, those living near the homeland of
their origin became exceedingly fearful of the water. They
observed the Mesopotamian peninsula gradually sinking into the
ocean, and though it emerged several times, the traditions of
these primitive races grew up around the dangers of the sea and
the fear of periodic engulfment. And this fear, together with
their experience with river floods, explains why they sought out
the highlands as a safe place in which to live.
64:3.4 To the east of the Badonan peoples, in
the Siwalik Hills of northern India, may be found fossils that
approach nearer to transition types between man and the various
prehuman groups than any others on earth.
64:3.5 850,000 years ago the superior
Badonan tribes began a warfare of extermination directed against
their inferior and animalistic neighbors. In less than one
thousand years most of the borderland animal groups of these
regions had been either destroyed or driven back to the southern
forests. This campaign for the extermination of inferiors
brought about a slight improvement in the hill tribes of that
age. And the mixed descendants of this improved Badonite stock
appeared on the stage of action as an apparently new people --
the Neanderthal race.
4. THE NEANDERTHAL RACES
64:4.1 The Neanderthalers were excellent
fighters, and they traveled extensively. They gradually spread
from the highland centers in northwest India to France on the
west, China on the east, and even down into northern Africa.
They dominated the world for almost half a million years until
the times of the migration of the evolutionary races of color.
64:4.2 800,000 years ago game was
abundant; many species of deer, as well as elephants and
hippopotamuses, roamed over Europe. Cattle were plentiful;
horses and wolves were everywhere. The Neanderthalers were great
hunters, and the tribes in France were the first to adopt the
practice of giving the most successful hunters the choice of
women for wives.
64:4.3 The reindeer was highly useful to these
Neanderthal peoples, serving as food, clothing, and for tools,
since they made various uses of the horns and bones. They had
little culture, but they greatly improved the work in flint
until it almost reached the levels of the days of Andon. Large
flints attached to wooden handles came back into use and served
as axes and picks.
64:4.4 750,000 years ago the fourth ice
sheet was well on its way south. With their improved implements
the Neanderthalers made holes in the ice covering the northern
rivers and thus were able to spear the fish which came up to
these vents. Ever these tribes retreated before the advancing
ice, which at this time made its most extensive invasion of
64:4.5 In these times the Siberian glacier was
making its southernmost march, compelling early man to move
southward, back toward the lands of his origin. But the human
species had so differentiated that the danger of further
mingling with its nonprogressive simian relatives was greatly
64:4.6 700,000 years ago the fourth
glacier, the greatest of all in Europe, was in recession; men
and animals were returning north. The climate was cool and
moist, and primitive man again thrived in Europe and western
Asia. Gradually the forests spread north over land which had
been so recently covered by the glacier.
64:4.7 Mammalian life had been little changed
by the great glacier. These animals persisted in that narrow
belt of land lying between the ice and the Alps and, upon the
retreat of the glacier, again rapidly spread out over all
Europe. There arrived from Africa, over the Sicilian land
bridge, straight-tusked elephants, broad-nosed rhinoceroses,
hyenas, and African lions, and these new animals virtually
exterminated the saber-toothed tigers and the hippopotamuses.
64:4.8 650,000 years ago witnessed the
continuation of the mild climate. By the middle of the
interglacial period it had become so warm that the Alps were
almost denuded of ice and snow.
64:4.9 600,000 years ago the ice had
reached its then northernmost point of retreat and, after a
pause of a few thousand years, started south again on its fifth
excursion. But there was little modification of climate for
fifty thousand years. Man and the animals of Europe were little
changed. The slight aridity of the former period lessened, and
the alpine glaciers descended far down the river valleys.
64:4.10 550,000 years ago the advancing
glacier again pushed man and the animals south. But this time
man had plenty of room in the wide belt of land stretching
northeast into Asia and lying between the ice sheet and the then
greatly expanded Black Sea extension of the Mediterranean.
64:4.11 These times of the fourth and fifth
glaciers witnessed the further spread of the crude culture of
the Neanderthal races. But there was so little progress that it
truly appeared as though the attempt to produce a new and
modified type of intelligent life on Urantia was about to fail.
For almost a quarter of a million years these primitive peoples
drifted on, hunting and fighting, by spells improving in certain
directions, but, on the whole, steadily retrogressing as
compared with their superior Andonic ancestors.
64:4.12 During these spiritually dark ages the
culture of superstitious mankind reached its lowest levels. The
Neanderthalers really had no religion beyond a shameful
superstition. They were deathly afraid of clouds, more
especially of mists and fogs. A primitive religion of the fear
of natural forces gradually developed, while animal worship
declined as improvement in tools, with abundance of game,
enabled these people to live with lessened anxiety about food;
the sex rewards of the chase tended greatly to improve hunting
skill. This new religion of fear led to attempts to placate the
invisible forces behind these natural elements and culminated,
later on, in the sacrificing of humans to appease these
invisible and unknown physical forces. And this terrible
practice of human sacrifice has been perpetuated by the more
backward peoples of Urantia right on down to the twentieth
64:4.13 These early Neanderthalers could
hardly be called sun worshipers. They rather lived in fear of
the dark; they had a mortal dread of nightfall. As long as the
moon shone a little, they managed to get along, but in the dark
of the moon they grew panicky and began the sacrifice of their
best specimens of manhood and womanhood in an effort to induce
the moon again to shine. The sun, they early learned, would
regularly return, but the moon they conjectured only returned
because they sacrificed their fellow tribesmen. As the race
advanced, the object and purpose of sacrifice progressively
changed, but the offering of human sacrifice as a part of
religious ceremonial long persisted.
5. ORIGIN OF THE COLORED RACES
64:5.1 500,000 years ago the Badonan
tribes of the northwestern highlands of India became involved in
another great racial struggle. For more than one hundred years
this relentless warfare raged, and when the long fight was
finished, only about one hundred families were left. But these
survivors were the most intelligent and desirable of all the
then living descendants of Andon and Fonta.
64:5.2 And now, among these highland Badonites
there was a new and strange occurrence. A man and woman living
in the northeastern part of the then inhabited highland region
began suddenly to produce a family of unusually
intelligent children. This was the Sangik family, the
ancestors of all of the six colored races of Urantia.
64:5.3 These Sangik children, nineteen in
number, were not only intelligent above their fellows, but their
skins manifested a unique tendency to turn various colors upon
exposure to sunlight. Among these nineteen children were five
red, two orange, four yellow, two green, four blue, and two
indigo. These colors became more pronounced as the children grew
older, and when these youths later mated with their fellow
tribesmen, all of their offspring tended toward the skin color
of the Sangik parent.
64:5.4 And now I interrupt the chronological
narrative, after calling attention to the arrival of the
Planetary Prince at about this time, while we separately
consider the six Sangik races of Urantia.
6. THE SIX SANGIK RACES OF URANTIA
64:6.1 On an average evolutionary planet the
six evolutionary races of color appear one by one; the red man
is the first to evolve, and for ages he roams the world before
the succeeding colored races make their appearance. The
simultaneous emergence of all six races on Urantia, and in
one family, was most unusual.
64:6.2 The appearance of the earlier Andonites
on Urantia was also something new in Satania. On no other world
in the local system has such a race of will creatures evolved in
advance of the evolutionary races of color.
64:6.3 1. The red man. These peoples
were remarkable specimens of the human race, in many ways
superior to Andon and Fonta. They were a most intelligent group
and were the first of the Sangik children to develop a tribal
civilization and government. They were always monogamous; even
their mixed descendants seldom practiced plural mating.
64:6.4 In later times they had serious and
prolonged trouble with their yellow brethren in Asia. They were
aided by their early invention of the bow and arrow, but they
had unfortunately inherited much of the tendency of their
ancestors to fight among themselves, and this so weakened them
that the yellow tribes were able to drive them off the Asiatic
64:6.5 About eighty-five thousand years ago
the comparatively pure remnants of the red race went en masse
across to North America, and shortly thereafter the Bering land
isthmus sank, thus isolating them. No red man ever returned to
Asia. But throughout Siberia, China, central Asia, India, and
Europe they left behind much of their stock blended with the
other colored races.
64:6.6 When the red man crossed over into
America, he brought along much of the teachings and traditions
of his early origin. His immediate ancestors had been in touch
with the later activities of the world headquarters of the
Planetary Prince. But in a short time after reaching the
Americas, the red men began to lose sight of these teachings,
and there occurred a great decline in intellectual and spiritual
culture. Very soon these people again fell to fighting so
fiercely among themselves that it appeared that these tribal
wars would result in the speedy extinction of this remnant of
the comparatively pure red race.
64:6.7 Because of this great retrogression the
red men seemed doomed when, about sixty-five thousand years ago,
Onamonalonton appeared as their leader and spiritual deliverer.
He brought temporary peace among the American red men and
revived their worship of the "Great Spirit." Onamonalonton lived
to be ninety-six years of age and maintained his headquarters
among the great redwood trees of California. Many of his later
descendants have come down to modern times among the Blackfoot
64:6.8 As time passed, the teachings of
Onamonalonton became hazy traditions. Internecine wars were
resumed, and never after the days of this great teacher did
another leader succeed in bringing universal peace among them.
Increasingly the more intelligent strains perished in these
tribal struggles; otherwise a great civilization would have been
built upon the North American continent by these able and
intelligent red men.
64:6.9 After crossing over to America from
China, the northern red man never again came in contact with
other world influences (except the Eskimo) until he was later
discovered by the white man. It was most unfortunate that the
red man almost completely missed his opportunity of being
upstepped by the admixture of the later Adamic stock. As it was,
the red man could not rule the white man, and he would not
willingly serve him. In such a circumstance, if the two races do
not blend, one or the other is doomed.
64:6.10 2. The orange man. The
outstanding characteristic of this race was their peculiar urge
to build, to build anything and everything, even to the piling
up of vast mounds of stone just to see which tribe could build
the largest mound. Though they were not a progressive people,
they profited much from the schools of the Prince and sent
delegates there for instruction.
64:6.11 The orange race was the first to
follow the coast line southward toward Africa as the
Mediterranean Sea withdrew to the west. But they never secured a
favorable footing in Africa and were wiped out of existence by
the later arriving green race.
64:6.12 Before the end came, this people lost
much cultural and spiritual ground. But there was a great
revival of higher living as a result of the wise leadership of
Porshunta, the master mind of this unfortunate race, who
ministered to them when their headquarters was at Armageddon
some three hundred thousand years ago.
64:6.13 The last great struggle between the
orange and the green men occurred in the region of the lower
Nile valley in Egypt. This long-drawn-out battle was waged for
almost one hundred years, and at its close very few of the
orange race were left alive. The shattered remnants of these
people were absorbed by the green and by the later arriving
indigo men. But as a race the orange man ceased to exist about
one hundred thousand years ago.
64:6.14 3. The yellow man. The
primitive yellow tribes were the first to abandon the chase,
establish settled communities, and develop a home life based on
agriculture. Intellectually they were somewhat inferior to the
red man, but socially and collectively they proved themselves
superior to all of the Sangik peoples in the matter of fostering
racial civilization. Because they developed a fraternal spirit,
the various tribes learning to live together in relative peace,
they were able to drive the red race before them as they
gradually expanded into Asia.
64:6.15 They traveled far from the influences
of the spiritual headquarters of the world and drifted into
great darkness following the Caligastia apostasy; but there
occurred one brilliant age among this people when Singlangton,
about one hundred thousand years ago, assumed the leadership of
these tribes and proclaimed the worship of the "One Truth."
64:6.16 The survival of comparatively large
numbers of the yellow race is due to their intertribal
peacefulness. From the days of Singlangton to the times of
modern China, the yellow race has been numbered among the more
peaceful of the nations of Urantia. This race received a small
but potent legacy of the later imported Adamic stock.
64:6.17 4. The green man. The green
race was one of the less able groups of primitive men, and they
were greatly weakened by extensive migrations in different
directions. Before their dispersion these tribes experienced a
great revival of culture under the leadership of Fantad, some
three hundred and fifty thousand years ago.
64:6.18 The green race split into three major
divisions: The northern tribes were subdued, enslaved, and
absorbed by the yellow and blue races. The eastern group were
amalgamated with the Indian peoples of those days, and remnants
still persist among them. The southern nation entered Africa,
where they destroyed their almost equally inferior orange
64:6.19 In many ways both groups were evenly
matched in this struggle since each carried strains of the giant
order, many of their leaders being eight and nine feet in
height. These giant strains of the green man were mostly
confined to this southern or Egyptian nation.
64:6.20 The remnants of the victorious green
men were subsequently absorbed by the indigo race, the last of
the colored peoples to develop and emigrate from the original
Sangik center of race dispersion.
64:6.21 5. The blue man. The blue men
were a great people. They early invented the spear and
subsequently worked out the rudiments of many of the arts of
modern civilization. The blue man had the brain power of the red
man associated with the soul and sentiment of the yellow man.
The Adamic descendants preferred them to all of the later
persisting colored races.
64:6.22 The early blue men were responsive to
the persuasions of the teachers of Prince Caligastia's staff and
were thrown into great confusion by the subsequent perverted
teachings of those traitorous leaders. Like other primitive
races they never fully recovered from the turmoil produced by
the Caligastia betrayal, nor did they ever completely overcome
their tendency to fight among themselves.
64:6.23 About five hundred years after
Caligastia's downfall a widespread revival of learning and
religion of a primitive sort -- but none the less real and
beneficial -- occurred. Orlandof became a great teacher among
the blue race and led many of the tribes back to the worship of
the true God under the name of the "Supreme Chief." This was the
greatest advance of the blue man until those later times when
this race was so greatly upstepped by the admixture of the
64:6.24 The European researches and
explorations of the Old Stone Age have largely to do with
unearthing the tools, bones, and artcraft of these ancient blue
men, for they persisted in Europe until recent times. The
so-called white races of Urantia are the descendants of
these blue men as they were first modified by slight mixture
with yellow and red, and as they were later greatly upstepped by
assimilating the greater portion of the violet race.
64:6.25 6. The indigo race. As the red
men were the most advanced of all the Sangik peoples, so the
black men were the least progressive. They were the last to
migrate from their highland homes. They journeyed to Africa,
taking possession of the continent, and have ever since remained
there except when they have been forcibly taken away, from age
to age, as slaves.
64:6.26 Isolated in Africa, the indigo
peoples, like the red man, received little or none of the race
elevation which would have been derived from the infusion of the
Adamic stock. Alone in Africa, the indigo race made little
advancement until the days of Orvonon, when they experienced a
great spiritual awakening. While they later almost entirely
forgot the "God of Gods" proclaimed by Orvonon, they did not
entirely lose the desire to worship the Unknown; at least they
maintained a form of worship up to a few thousand years ago.
64:6.27 Notwithstanding their backwardness,
these indigo peoples have exactly the same standing before the
celestial powers as any other earthly race.
64:6.28 These were ages of intense struggles
between the various races, but near the headquarters of the
Planetary Prince the more enlightened and more recently taught
groups lived together in comparative harmony, though no great
cultural conquest of the world races had been achieved up to the
time of the serious disruption of this regime by the outbreak of
the Lucifer rebellion.
64:6.29 From time to time all of these
different peoples experienced cultural and spiritual revivals.
Mansant was a great teacher of the post-Planetary Prince days.
But mention is made only of those outstanding leaders and
teachers who markedly influenced and inspired a whole race. With
the passing of time, many lesser teachers arose in different
regions; and in the aggregate they contributed much to the sum
total of those saving influences which prevented the total
collapse of cultural civilization, especially during the long
and dark ages between the Caligastia rebellion and the arrival
64:6.30 There are many good and sufficient
reasons for the plan of evolving either three or six colored
races on the worlds of space. Though Urantia mortals may not be
in a position fully to appreciate all of these reasons, we would
call attention to the following:
64:6.31 1. Variety is indispensable to
opportunity for the wide functioning of natural selection,
differential survival of superior strains.
64:6.32 2. Stronger and better races are to be
had from the interbreeding of diverse peoples when these
different races are carriers of superior inheritance factors.
And the Urantia races would have benefited by such an early
amalgamation provided such a conjoint people could have been
subsequently effectively upstepped by a thoroughgoing admixture
with the superior Adamic stock. The attempt to execute such an
experiment on Urantia under present racial conditions would be
64:6.33 3. Competition is healthfully
stimulated by diversification of races.
64:6.34 4. Differences in status of the races
and of groups within each race are essential to the development
of human tolerance and altruism.
64:6.35 5. Homogeneity of the human race is
not desirable until the peoples of an evolving world attain
comparatively high levels of spiritual development.
7. DISPERSION OF THE COLORED RACES
64:7.1 When the colored descendants of the
Sangik family began to multiply, and as they sought opportunity
for expansion into adjacent territory, the fifth glacier, the
third of geologic count, was well advanced on its southern drift
over Europe and Asia. These early colored races were
extraordinarily tested by the rigors and hardships of the
glacial age of their origin. This glacier was so extensive in
Asia that for thousands of years migration to eastern Asia was
cut off. And not until the later retreat of the Mediterranean
Sea, consequent upon the elevation of Arabia, was it possible
for them to reach Africa.
64:7.2 Thus it was that for almost one hundred
thousand years these Sangik peoples spread out around the
foothills and mingled together more or less, notwithstanding the
peculiar but natural antipathy which early manifested itself
between the different races.
64:7.3 Between the times of the Planetary
Prince and Adam, India became the home of the most cosmopolitan
population ever to be found on the face of the earth. But it was
unfortunate that this mixture came to contain so much of the
green, orange, and indigo races. These secondary Sangik peoples
found existence more easy and agreeable in the southlands, and
many of them subsequently migrated to Africa. The primary Sangik
peoples, the superior races, avoided the tropics, the red man
going northeast to Asia, closely followed by the yellow man,
while the blue race moved northwest into Europe.
64:7.4 The red men early began to migrate to
the northeast, on the heels of the retreating ice, passing
around the highlands of India and occupying all of northeastern
Asia. They were closely followed by the yellow tribes, who
subsequently drove them out of Asia into North America.
64:7.5 When the relatively pure-line remnants
of the red race forsook Asia, there were eleven tribes, and they
numbered a little over seven thousand men, women, and children.
These tribes were accompanied by three small groups of mixed
ancestry, the largest of these being a combination of the orange
and blue races. These three groups never fully fraternized with
the red man and early journeyed southward to Mexico and Central
America, where they were later joined by a small group of mixed
yellows and reds. These peoples all intermarried and founded a
new and amalgamated race, one which was much less warlike than
the pure-line red men. Within five thousand years this
amalgamated race broke up into three groups, establishing the
civilizations respectively of Mexico, Central America, and South
America. The South American offshoot did receive a faint touch
of the blood of Adam.
64:7.6 To a certain extent the early red and
yellow men mingled in Asia, and the offspring of this union
journeyed on to the east and along the southern seacoast and,
eventually, were driven by the rapidly increasing yellow race
onto the peninsulas and near-by islands of the sea. They are the
present-day brown men.
64:7.7 The yellow race has continued to occupy
the central regions of eastern Asia. Of all the six colored
races they have survived in greatest numbers. While the yellow
men now and then engaged in racial war, they did not carry on
such incessant and relentless wars of extermination as were
waged by the red, green, and orange men. These three races
virtually destroyed themselves before they were finally all but
annihilated by their enemies of other races.
64:7.8 Since the fifth glacier did not extend
so far south in Europe, the way was partially open for these
Sangik peoples to migrate to the northwest; and upon the retreat
of the ice the blue men, together with a few other small racial
groups, migrated westward along the old trails of the Andon
tribes. They invaded Europe in successive waves, occupying most
of the continent.
64:7.9 In Europe they soon encountered the
Neanderthal descendants of their early and common ancestor,
Andon. These older European Neanderthalers had been driven south
and east by the glacier and thus were in position quickly to
encounter and absorb their invading cousins of the Sangik
64:7.10 In general and to start with, the
Sangik tribes were more intelligent than, and in most ways far
superior to, the deteriorated descendants of the early Andonic
plainsmen; and the mingling of these Sangik tribes with the
Neanderthal peoples led to the immediate improvement of the
older race. It was this infusion of Sangik blood, more
especially that of the blue man, which produced that marked
improvement in the Neanderthal peoples exhibited by the
successive waves of increasingly intelligent tribes that swept
over Europe from the east.
64:7.11 During the following interglacial
period this new Neanderthal race extended from England to India.
The remnant of the blue race left in the old Persian peninsula
later amalgamated with certain others, primarily the yellow; and
the resultant blend, subsequently somewhat upstepped by the
violet race of Adam, has persisted as the swarthy nomadic tribes
of modern Arabs.
64:7.12 All efforts to identify the Sangik
ancestry of modern peoples must take into account the later
improvement of the racial strains by the subsequent admixture of
64:7.13 The superior races sought the northern
or temperate climes, while the orange, green, and indigo races
successively gravitated to Africa over the newly elevated land
bridge which separated the westward retreating Mediterranean
from the Indian Ocean.
64:7.14 The last of the Sangik peoples to
migrate from their center of race origin was the indigo man.
About the time the green man was killing off the orange race in
Egypt and greatly weakening himself in so doing, the great black
exodus started south through Palestine along the coast; and
later, when these physically strong indigo peoples overran
Egypt, they wiped the green man out of existence by sheer force
of numbers. These indigo races absorbed the remnants of the
orange man and much of the stock of the green man, and certain
of the indigo tribes were considerably improved by this racial
64:7.15 And so it appears that Egypt was first
dominated by the orange man, then by the green, followed by the
indigo (black) man, and still later by a mongrel race of indigo,
blue, and modified green men. But long before Adam arrived, the
blue men of Europe and the mixed races of Arabia had driven the
indigo race out of Egypt and far south on the African continent.
64:7.16 As the Sangik migrations draw to a
close, the green and orange races are gone, the red man holds
North America, the yellow man eastern Asia, the blue man Europe,
and the indigo race has gravitated to Africa. India harbors a
blend of the secondary Sangik races, and the brown man, a blend
of the red and yellow, holds the islands off the Asiatic coast.
An amalgamated race of rather superior potential occupies the
highlands of South America. The purer Andonites live in the
extreme northern regions of Europe and in Iceland, Greenland,
and northeastern North America.
64:7.17 During the periods of farthest glacial
advance the westernmost of the Andon tribes came very near being
driven into the sea. They lived for years on a narrow southern
strip of the present island of England. And it was the tradition
of these repeated glacial advances that drove them to take to
the sea when the sixth and last glacier finally appeared. They
were the first marine adventurers. They built boats and started
in search of new lands which they hoped might be free from the
terrifying ice invasions. And some of them reached Iceland,
others Greenland, but the vast majority perished from hunger and
thirst on the open sea.
64:7.18 A little more than eighty thousand
years ago, shortly after the red man entered northwestern North
America, the freezing over of the north seas and the advance of
local ice fields on Greenland drove these Eskimo descendants of
the Urantia aborigines to seek a better land, a new home; and
they were successful, safely crossing the narrow straits which
then separated Greenland from the northeastern land masses of
North America. They reached the continent about twenty-one
hundred years after the red man arrived in Alaska. Subsequently
some of the mixed stock of the blue man journeyed westward and
amalgamated with the later-day Eskimos, and this union was
slightly beneficial to the Eskimo tribes.
64:7.19 About five thousand years ago a chance
meeting occurred between an Indian tribe and a lone Eskimo group
on the southeastern shores of Hudson Bay. These two tribes found
it difficult to communicate with each other, but very soon they
intermarried with the result that these Eskimos were eventually
absorbed by the more numerous red men. And this represents the
only contact of the North American red man with any other human
stock down to about one thousand years ago, when the white man
first chanced to land on the Atlantic coast.
64:7.20 The struggles of these early ages were
characterized by courage, bravery, and even heroism. And we all
regret that so many of those sterling and rugged traits of your
early ancestors have been lost to the later-day races. While we
appreciate the value of many of the refinements of advancing
civilization, we miss the magnificent persistency and superb
devotion of your early ancestors, which oftentimes bordered on
grandeur and sublimity.
Presented by a Life Carrier resident on Urantia.